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Headline data

Geographical Area: Кыргызская Республика

This table provides information about the indicator

Indicator name

9.5.1 Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP

Target name

9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development (R&D) workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development (R&D) spending


9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from Kyrgyzstan statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from Kyrgyz statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other Kyrgyz-specific metadata information.

Geographical coverage

Кыргызская Республика

Unit of measurement



Research and development (R&D) expenditure as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the amount of R&D expenditure divided by the total output of the economy.


Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge – including knowledge of humankind, culture and society – and to devise new applications of available knowledge.( Frascati Manual, 2015) Expenditures on intramural R&D represent the amount of money spent on R&D that is performed within a reporting unit.

Rationale and interpretation

The indicator is a direct measure of Research and development (R&D) spending.

Method of computation

Research and development (R&D) spending is divided by gross domestic product (GDP), expressed as a percentage

Comments and limitations

Research and development (R&D) data need to be collected through surveys, which are expensive, and do not always cover all sectors of performance.

Quality assurance
Data availability and gaps


Comparability with international data/standards
References and documentation

KR National SDG Reporting Platform:

Data sources
Data collection methods

Сумма расходов на исследования и разработки (НИОКР) делится на объем валового внутреннего продукта (ВВП), выражается в процентах

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Metadata opens in a new window

This table provides information about the supplier of the data


Ministry of Finance of the Kyrgyz Republic

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