Persons in unemployment are defined as all those of working age (usually persons aged 15 and above) who simultaneously fit in the following three categories^
• not in employment,
• carried out activities to seek employment via public or commercial employment service, used or advertised in the media, directly contacted management of enterprise (employer), used personal contacts, etc., or took steps to organize their own business during a specified recent period and
• were currently available to take up employment given a job opportunity
Students, pensioners and disabled persons are counted as unemployed if were not employed, have been seeking a job and were ready to start it.
Unemployed are also persons who during the period under review:
• were not employed, but agreed on a start date (within 2 weeks after the reference period) and did not continue searching;
• were not employed, but ready to start work, however not looking for job, as they were expecting the start of the season;
• were not employed, but ready to start, however not looking for job, as they expected a response from management or employer to the previous application.
For persons setting up a business, the period of seeking employment is considered to be the activity prior to enterprise’s registration. Activity after registration is considered to be employment in own enterprise.
In cases where a commercial activity is organized without formal registration, the moment of transition from job search to job itself is the willingness to receive and complete the first order, or when financial resources become available, or preparedness of working space.
Unemployed persons should not necessarily be registered with the employment service.
|Method of computation
Unemployment rate is the percentage of unemployed in the total labour force. To calculate this indicator (according to the ILO unemployment criteria), data required on the total unemployed and labour force (economically active population), which includes employed and unemployed persons.
|Data collection methods
The survey is conducted by interviewers visiting households and recording data in tablets based on questionnaires approved by the National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. During household visits, responses can be obtained both from respondents and other household members if the respondent is absent at the time of interview. 5,016 households have been selected for the survey on a quarterly basis. The annual sample rotation is 25 per cent.